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The Peruvudaiyar Kovil, also known as Brihadeeswara Temple, RajaRajeswara Temple and Rajarajeswaram,at Thanjavur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva and an art of the work achieved by Cholas in Tamil architecture. The temple is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site “Great Living Chola Temples”.
This is the largest temple in India and one of India’s most prized architectural sites. The temple stands amidst fortified walls that were probably added in the 16th century. The vimana or (temple tower) is 216 ft (66 m) high and is among the tallest of its kind in the world. The Kumbam (Kalasha or Chikharam) (apex or the bulbous structure on the top) of the temple is carved out of a single stone and it weighs around 80 tons.
There is a big statue of Nandi (sacred bull), carved out of a single rock, at the entrance measuring about 16 feet long and 13 feet high.
The entire temple structure is made out of granite, the nearest sources of which are close to Tiruchchirapalli, about 60 km to the west of Thanjavur, where the temple is.
Built in 1010 AD by Raja Raja Chola I in Thanjavur, Brihadeeswarar Temple, also popularly known as the ‘Big Temple’, turned 1000 years old in 2010.
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Airavatesvara Temple is a Hindu temple of Dravidian architecture located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This temple, built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century CE is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Airavatesvara temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Shiva is here known as Airavateshvara, because he was worshipped at this temple by Airavata, the white elephant of the king of the gods, Indra. Legend has it that Airavata, while suffering from a change of colour curse from Sage Durvasa, had its colours restored by bathing in the sacred waters of this temple. This legend is commemorated by an image of Airavata with Indra seated in an inner shrine.The temple and the presiding deity derive its name from this incident.
It is said that the King of Death, Yama also worshipped Shiva here. Tradition has it Yama, who was suffering under a Rishi’s curse from a burning sensation all over the body, was cured by the presiding deity Airavatesvarar. Yama took bath in the sacred tank and got rid of the burning sensation. Since then the tank has been known as Yamateertham.
This temple is a storehouse of art and architecture and has some exquisite stone carvings. Although this temple is much smaller than the Brihadeesvara Temple or the Gangaikondacholapuram Temple, it is more exquisite in detail. This is because this temple is said to have been built with nitya-vinoda, “perpetual entertainment”, in mind.
The vimana (tower) is 24 m (80 ft) high.The south side of the front mandapam is in the form of a huge chariot with large stone wheels drawn by horses.
To the east of the inner court lies a group of well-carved buildings, one of which is the Balipita (‘seat for sacrifice’). The pedestal of the Balipita adjoins a small shrine which contains an image of Ganesha. The pedestal has a set of 3 finely carved set of steps on the south side. Striking the steps produce different musical sounds.
In the south-west corner of the court is a mandapam having 4 shrines. One of these has an image of Yama. Adjoining this shrine are large stone slabs sculptured with images of the sapthamathas (seven celestial nymphs)
•A cobra uncoils from his lower right forearm, and the crescent moon and a skull are on his crest. He dances within an arch of flames.
•The upper right hand holds a small drum shaped like an hourglass that is called a ḍamaru in Sanskrit.A specific hand gesture (mudra) called ḍamaru-hasta (Sanskrit for “ḍamaru-hand”) is used to hold the drum.It symbolizes sound originating creation or the beat of the drum is the passage of time.
•The upper left hand contains Agni or fire, which signifies destruction. The opposing concepts in the upper hands show the counterpoise of creation and destruction or the fire of life.
•The second right hand shows the Abhaya mudra (meaning fearlessness in Sanskrit), bestowing protection from both evil and ignorance to those who follow the righteousness of dharma.
•The second left hand points towards the raised foot which signifies upliftment and liberation. It also points to the left foot with the sign of the elephant which leads the way through the jungle of ignorance.
•The dwarf on which Nataraja dances is the demon Apasmara (Muyalaka, as known in Tamil), which symbolises Shiva’s victory over ignorance. It also represents the passage of spirit from the divine into material.
•As the Lord of Dance, Nataraja, Shiva performs the tandava, the dance in which the universe is created, maintained, and dissolved. Shiva’s long, matted tresses, usually piled up in a knot, loosen during the dance and crash into the heavenly bodies, knocking them off course or destroying them utterly.
•The surrounding flames represent the manifest Universe.
•The snake swirling around his waist is kundalini, the Shakti or divine force thought to reside within everything. This also parallels the cords of life worn by the Brahmins to represent the second rebirth.
•The stoic face of Shiva represents his neutrality, thus being in balance.
Written and Directed by Rathina Raj
Main Cast:Dayanand Arunagiri,Logesh TamilSelvan,Yogesh Nagarajan
Art:Moses Immanuel Sharma
SHOOTING IN PROGRESS
The temple is situated at the bottom of the Annamalai hill facing East. The temple occupies an area of about 25 acres of land. The walls on the East and West measure 700 feet each while that of the south measures 1479 feet and the northern one measures 1590 feet. It has got four stately towers on all the four sides and the eastern tower being the tallest of all is called the Rajagopuram. Its base is made of granite measuring 135 feet by 98 feet. This tower was built by king Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagara and completed by Sevappa Nayaka of Thanjavur. There are inscriptions that detail that the gopuram was built on the request of Sivanesa and his brother Lokanatha in 1572 A.D.The southern tower is called “Thirumanjangopuram”
Four Brahmotsavams are celebrated every year, the most famous of which is the one celebrated during the Tamil month of Karthikai (November/December). The ten day event culminates on the day of Karthigai Deepam. On that evening, a huge lamp is lit in a cauldron with three tons of ghee at the top of the Annamalai hill.
Every full moon night, tens of thousands of pilgrims worship Shiva by circumambulating the Arunachala hill barefoot. The circumambulation covers a distance of about 14 km. On the yearly Chitra Powrnami (full moon) night in the Tamil calendar year, hundreds of thousands of pilgrims from across the world visit the sacred town.
Let me explain this in a language easy for all beginners (since I don’t know to explain as an expert 😛 )
Step 1:We need WAMPServer (Get it here http://www.wampserver.com/en/ )
Step 2:We have to create a database using wamp and we going to create two separate files (for php and mysql)
Step 3:First we will create a simple HTML file as this :
<form action=”connect.php” method=”POST”> /*action should refer the name of the php file we going to create in the next step and method as “POST” which will be received with “GET” command in php file */
<tr><td>Name:</td><td><input type =”text” name=”name” /></td></tr>
<tr><td>City:</td><td><input type =”text” name=”city” /></td></tr>
<tr><td>Qualification:</td><td><input type =”text” name=”quali” /></td></tr>
<input type=”submit” name=”submit” /><br><br>
Now we need to create the database in wamp:
Type Localhost in browser and select “SQL Buddy”,type the database name under “Create Database” tab and create a table with “name”,”city”,”quali” (as per given in the html)
And lets create the php file to let users submit their details (here I’ve used Name,city,Qualification) for a company but it should exclude candidates other than from “Chennai”,
CONNECT.php /*Same name as given in the “form action”*/
$con = @mysql_connect(“localhost”,”root”,””) or die(mysql_error());/*root refers root user and the following empty parenthesis refers to password */
echo “Database connected”.”<br>”;/*Displays for successful connection*/
@mysql_select_db(“raj”, $con) or die(mysql_error());/*raj as database name*/
echo “Database selected”. “<br>”;/*Displays for successful selection of DB*/
$str=”insert into valid values(‘$name’,’$city’,’$quali’)”;/*Query to insert values from html file into database*/
$res = @mysql_query($str) or die(mysql_error());
if($res>0) /*This if statement to check whether record created or not from the previous line’s query*/
echo “Record created”. “<br>”;
$st=”select * from valid”;
$rest = @mysql_query($st) or die(mysql_error());
while ($row = mysql_fetch_array($rest,MYSQL_ASSOC))
if (preg_match(“/chennai/”, $row[‘city’]) && $_POST[‘name’]===$row[‘name’] && $quali===$_POST[‘quali’])
}/*I’ve used “Preg-match” (visit php.net for details) to accept the candidates who enter “City as Chennai” ,While others applications will be rejected and the respective message will be displayed*/
echo “Application Accepted”. “<br>”;
echo “Application Rejected”. “<br>”;
To check,Go to “SQL Buddy”, type use <databasename> and then type select * from <tablename>
You can increase the number of values we get in html and also learn Preg-Match in details(Learn it here:http://php.net/manual/en/function.preg-match.php )I’ve lost in an interview since I had no knowledge of Preg-Match before ,contact me for doubts in this post,
Thank you for reading,
S.Rathina Raj B.E